Prostatitis and Catheter Insertion
Prostatitis and catheter insertion into the urethra can lead to the development of prostatitis. Among older men in particular, there is an increased risk of acute bacterial prostatitis when the men have been exposed to catheter or other device insertion into the urethra. The two most common devices are an indwelling urinary catheter and a cystoscope.
Urinary catheters are commonly used both during surgery and after. However, there are different types of catheters, and not all are associated with an increased risk of prostatitis. Some catheters are used during surgery but then removed shortly after the procedure is over. Intermittent catheters are temporary and are a type patients usually can insert themselves. The risk of urinary tract infections with intermittent catheters is low. Indwelling or Foley catheters, however, stay in place for weeks to a month or longer after surgery, especially following bladder or prostate surgery. These catheters are the type associated with an increased risk of infection and acute bacterial prostatitis.
The longer a man needs to keep an indwelling catheter in place, the greater his risk of developing an infection that could lead to prostatitis. Such risk of infection is one reason why doctors typically prescribe antibiotics before someone undergoes surgery, yet these drugs are still not a guarantee an infection will not develop.
A cystoscopy also may cause an infection that leads to acute bacterial prostatitis. A doctor may order a cystoscopy when he or she needs to examine the inside of the bladder and urethra because a man has been experiencing chronic urinary tract infections or pain when urinating, or to check for cancer of the bladder or urethra. To perform a cystoscopy, a doctor will pass a tube called a cystoscope into the urethra through to the bladder. A tiny camera on the end of the cystoscope takes pictures.
While this procedure can provide your healthcare professional with important information, there is a small risk of infection and acute bacterial prostatitis. To help prevent infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics before and after the cystoscopy. Antibiotics are recommended for men who are prone to urinary tract infections or infections in general. You may also find relief through natural prostatitis treatments such as supplements, probiotics, and diet.
Device insertion/catheter insertion are not the only medical procedures that can cause prostatitis. Another medical procedure cause of prostatitis is having a prostate biopsy.