Treating Prostatitis with Alpha Blockers
Your doctor has diagnosed you with prostatitis, and is recommending treating your prostatitis with alpha blockers. What should you know about alpha blockers for prostatitis?
What are alpha blockers?
You may recognize alpha blockers as medications that are often prescribed for high blood pressure. However, these drugs possess qualities that are also effective for prostatitis. When used for this prostate challenge, they can relax the prostate muscles and those at the base of the bladder. These actions in turn reduce muscle spasms and tightness, which can then allow normal urine flow.
Alpha blocker choices
Currently there are five alpha blockers for prostatitis treatment: alfuzosin (Uroxatral), doxazosin (Cardura), silodosin (Rapaflo), tamsulosin (Flomax), and terazosin (Hytrin). These drugs are designed to block alpha receptors, which appear in various places throughout the body, including the prostate, blood vessels, central nervous system, and peripheral nervous system.
Since alpha blockers have such far-reaching capabilities, you will likely note some adverse reactions. However, although these drugs share the same class, their side effects differ somewhat. You should talk to your doctor about which medication is the right one for you.
For example, here are the most common side effects for these drugs:
- Alfuzosin: dizziness and upper respiratory tract infection
- Doxazosin: dizziness or lightheadedness
- Silodosin: dizziness and retrograde ejaculation
- Tamsulosin: cough, fever or chills, lower back or side pain
- Terazosin: dizziness
Other less common side effects (occurring in about 10 percent or less of patients) include fatigue, nasal congestion, impotence, weakness, slight increases in bad cholesterol (low-density lipoprotein), rapid heartbeat, weight gain, and headache.
Taking alpha blockers
Alpha blockers are available in pill form and should be taken according to your doctor’s orders. Here are a few facts you should know about alpha blockers for prostatitis before you take them:
- They typically work best in men who have not tried many other medications
- They work best if you have moderate to severe symptoms
- When taken along with an antibiotic, the combination has been shown to better improve symptoms of chronic prostatitis and pelvic pain than when taking either medication alone
- Since they often cause lightheadedness, it is best to take alpha blockers at night and to start with a low dose and to increase it gradually if needed
- You may experience low blood pressure, dizziness, and even fainting when you first start taking alpha blockers, especially when rising from a sitting or lying position. Therefore your first does should be taken at bedtime.
- You can alpha blockers with or without food, as food does not seem to affect the effectiveness of these drugs
- Alpha blockers can interact with other drugs, including but not limited to beta blockers, drugs for erectile dysfunction, cimetidine, and calcium channel blockers. So be sure to talk to your doctor before using any of these medications.
- Tamulosin seems to work equally effectively if taken daily or every other day according to some research. If you take tamulosin, be sure to talk to your doctor about this dosing option.
Before you and your doctor decide you should take alpha blockers for prostatitis, be sure you tell your physician about any other medications, supplements, or treatments you are taking. If alpha blockers do not help your prostatitis symptoms, inform your doctor so you can both plan on finding an alternative treatment.
6 Causes of Sexual Pain in Men
Prostatitis is only one of several causes of sexual pain in men. If you are experiencing sexual pain, which can include pain in the penis, testis, or pelvis area that occurs during sex, while ejaculating, or after sex, it could stem from a variety of causes.
Sex is supposed to feel good, so it can be particularly worrisome and stressful when it hurts, and it can affect your intimate relationships. The causes of sexual pain can be medical, structural, or psychological. Here’s a look at six causes of sexual pain, also known as dyspareunia.
Prostatitis—Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome
Chronic prostatitis, also known as chronic pelvic pain syndrome, can cause sexual pain for some men. This nonbacterial condition affects about 50% of men at some point in their lives. Prostatitis can lead to pain that occurs during sex, during ejaculation, or pain after sex. Some men suffer with chronic pelvic pain or testicular pain.
There are several things you can do to reduce pain during sex when you have chronic prostatitis. Sexual pain with prostatitis is often due to a weakness, spasm, or other dysfunction of the pelvic floor muscles. A pelvic floor specialist can help you find the right treatment and exercises to help rehabilitate these muscles.
There are also many tools, exercises, alternative treatments, and supplements that can help relieve sexual pain. Urologists recommend phytotherapy. This natural therapy combines the supplements pollen extracts and quercetin, to help manage sexual pain and pelvic floor spasm.
Physical Abnomalities of the Penis
Physical abnormalities, such as Peyronie’s disease, a tight foreskin, other foreskin issues, scarring, or frenulum breve, can also cause sexual pain. You should see your doctor to get a complete examination to rule out any physical problems that could be causing your sexual pain.
Peyronie’s disease is a condition when the penis bends or curves, usually when it is erect. This can occur due to inflammation or abnormal scar tissue.
Frenulum breve is when the frenulum, which is the elastic band of tissue under the glans (head of the penis) that attaches to the foreskin, is short and slender. According to a study, this a common cause of sexual pain as frenulum breve accounted for 50% of men with dyspareunia (Whelan). Treatment for this may require surgery.
Infections in the prostate gland, bladder, urethra, or seminal vesicles can cause intense burning or itching after ejaculations. Both acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis symptoms can include painful ejaculation and pain in the penis or testicles. Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are a cause of sexual pain in men. For example, gonorrheal infections can sometimes cause a burning or sharp penile pain during ejaculation. If you have an STD, you need to make sure your partner gets treated, too.
Take a trip to the doctor to rule out and treat an infection. You can usually treat an infection with antibiotics. If you do take antibiotics, be sure to take a quality probiotic to help restore the balance of beneficial and healthy bacteria in the gut.
Interstitial cystitis (IC) is a chronic inflammatory bladder condition that is a similar condition to prostatitis. Men with IC may experience pain during sexual intercourse, in the pelvis, or in the perineal area between the scrotum and anus. Like chronic prostatitis, IC is difficult to treat, but there are several ways to find relief. Therapies like bladder training, physical therapy, avoiding bladder irritants (like spicy foods and caffeine), changing lifestyle and habits, doing exercises, employing alternative treatments (like acupuncture), and taking medication can all help make things more comfortable.
Once your doctor has ruled out any physical abnormalities or illnesses you might consider that your pain could be based on psychological or emotional problems. That is not to say your pain is not real, but it could be caused stress, anxiety, or emotional problems. If you are depressed you may experience sexual pain as well.
Some sexual pain disorders have been linked to anxiety. Pain may occur as a result of having anxiety related to sex or intimacy. Being a victim of sexual assault or abuse can manifest in sexual pain or anxiety.
When it comes to pain caused by psychological issues, it important not to suffer alone. Communicate with your partner about your sexual pain, and find a medical professional with whom you can have an honest discussion about your sexual problems and how to address them. Psychotherapy may help you resolve sexual pain that is caused by emotional problems or anxiety.
There are some other common causes of sexual pain in men. While it is important to make sure you have enough lubrication, an irritation you are experiencing may actually mean you are allergic to your lubricant. That goes for other products such as spermicides and even the detergent you use to wash your clothes, as these can cause allergies and irritations that lead to sexual pain.
No matter what your causes of sexual pain, you should not be embarrassed to seek help from both your partner and your doctor. Suffering alone or being embarrassed to seek treatment will only make things worse and make you feel more isolated. If you look at your sexual health holistically by looking at what is going on in your whole body, you are more likely to locate the cause(s) of your problems. Going to the source of the problem can help you treat your sexual pain, or at least work to minimize it, so that you can have a more satisfying and enjoyable sex life.
Whelan. Male dyspareunia due to short frenulum: an indication for adult circumcision. BMJ 1977; 24-31: 1633-4
6 Ways to Deal with a Prostatitis Flare-Up
When your prostatitis symptoms “flare-up,” it can be frustrating and even overwhelming. If you have been suffering from recurring prostatitis symptoms, do not feel like there is no hope. There are actually many things you can do to determine what may be causing your symptoms and several ways to deal with a prostatitis flare-up.
There are two types of chronic prostatitis that can have symptoms returning for months: chronic bacterial prostatitis and the more-common chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS). Affecting about 95% of the men who have prostatitis, CPPS does not usually have bacteria present and is often caused by problems elsewhere in the body and outside of the actual prostate itself.
You want to relieve your immediate symptoms, but you also want to get to the source of your problems so that you can prevent future flare-ups. The best long-term treatment plan for chronic prostatitis involves a multimodal whole-body approach that looks at your diet, stress management, lifestyle adaptations, and a number of natural and alternative treatments. You may have more than one cause of your prostatitis symptoms, which may be why it is so difficult to treat. That is why experts recommended trying several different approaches.
One of the first steps to take is to relax both your mind and muscles. In about 50% of the cases of prostatitis, the pelvic pain is due to chronic tension in the pelvic floor muscles. One of the largest contributors to this pelvic tension is stress. Because having a difficult-to-treat and painful condition that does not go away increases your stress and anxiety, these issues can actually contribute further to your problems.
Learn different techniques for reducing stress and determine your best way to manage stress in order to help relieve prostatitis. This may include exercise (which is helpful for treating both prostatitis and stress), breathing exercises, yoga, tai chi, mediation, or by talking to a therapist.
There are several alternative treatment programs for pelvic tension that also address the accompanying psychological component of this tension. Cognitive behavioral training is often part of programs to relieve pelvic tension. Some men unknowingly clench their pelvic floor muscles when they are stressed or anxious. This can lead to inflammation and chronic tension in the pelvic floor muscles and lead to pain, urinary problems, and even sexual problems. This chronic tension can develop over many years, so it can take some time to correct it and retrain your body, but it can lead to success. Because managing your stress and anxiety works to address the cause of the pelvic floor disorder, it can help you to manage your pain and prevent future flare-ups.
Try Alternative Treatments
Besides managing stress, anxiety, and other psychological causes of prostatitis, there are a number of other alternative treatments for prostatitis that are worth trying. You can try several different alternative treatments to help you deal with a prostatitis flare-up. Alternative treatments are drug-free therapies that include simple treatments you can do at home like applying ice packs to the area or sitting in a hot sitz bath. If sitting is painful, you may take pressure off the prostate area by sitting on special cushions and pillows.
Other, more-involved alternative chronic prostatitis treatments may require help from a trained professional. Your options include acupuncture, biofeedback, prostate massage, trigger point release therapy, and intrapelvic physiotherapy or pelvic floor rehabilitation. You can do some of these therapies at home by yourself or with the help of a partner once you have learned how to perform them. Combining these methods with stress management or a cognitive training program can help you find more long-term relief.
Change Your Diet
The best holistic treatment plans for prostatitis look at your whole body health to determine what is causing you prostatitis symptoms, and one of the most important aspects is your diet and nutrition. Studies have found that there are certain foods to avoid for prostatitis because they exacerbate prostatitis symptoms. If you eat a lot of spicy foods or acidic foods, your diet can be causing your prostatitis flare-ups. Try eliminating spicy foods, caffeinated beverages, hot peppers, chili, alcohol, wheat, and acidic foods from your diet to see if it helps.
Keep a record of what you eat in a food journal. If you notice that your symptoms get worse after eating a certain food, stop eating it for a while. It is important to stay well hydrated, as dehydration is a potential cause of prostatitis. Food allergies and intolerances can also lead to prostatitis flare-ups.
Try Prostate Supplements
In addition to a healthy prostate-friendly diet, there are several well-researched supplements for prostatitis. A few of them are even part of the treatment protocols recommended by urologists. Supplements can help you deal with a prostatitis flare-up by reducing inflammation, maximizing prostate health, and supporting better pelvic and urinary health.
Some of the supplements that have the most successful clinical studies and research behind them are Graminex pollen, quercetin, and turmeric (curcumin). Pollen extracts and quercetin are often combined in phytotherapy, which men use to relieve sexual pain, reduce inflammation, and support immunity. Other supplements that have significant research for prostate and urinary health are probiotics, plant sterols, green tea, stinging nettle, pygeum, phytonutrients like DIM, cranberry, saw palmetto, and vitamin D.
Supplements can also help men suffering with chronic bacterial prostatitis. A study shows that taking certain supplements like curcumin, quercetin, saw palmetto, and stinging nettle with antibiotics can help resolve chronic bacterial prostatitis symptoms better than antibiotics alone. (Cai 2009)
Perhaps this method to deal with a prostatitis flare-up has caught your attention. The good news is that sex is one treatment for prostatitis. It is important to maintain a healthy sex life because avoiding sex or having a lack of sex can lead to prostatitis because semen can accumulate in the prostate and cause inflammation. Try to ejaculate at least once a week to clear the fluids out of the prostate. If pain during sex is a problem and barrier to sex or ejaculation, there are some helpful, natural treatments for sexual pain like phytotherapy.
Take Medications for Prostatitis
Natural and alternative treatments are usually the best plan for dealing with a prostatitis flare-up, but there are drugs for prostatitis if you have not had success with other treatments. There are no medications that “cure” chronic prostatitis, but they can help relieve severe symptoms. Antibiotics should only be used if you have bacterial prostatitis (and may be necessary if you have acute bacterial prostatitis). Antibiotics are not recommended or helpful for treating CPPS and can lead to more serious complications and problems.
In the short term you may get some acute pain relief with anti-inflammatory drugs, but these medications are not safe for long-term use. That is why it is smart to look into natural and alternative treatments for managing pain. There are a number of medications that can help manage severe urinary symptoms, muscle spasms, or neuropathic pain. All of these medications do come with side effects, so be sure to research and find out if the benefits of these medications outweigh the risks.
If you follow these 6 ways to deal with a prostatitis flare-up, you may be able to resolve your pelvic pain long-term. Follow a natural, whole-body approach to determine the causes of your prostatitis, and employ several different treatments. You need to keep an open mind and be patient with some of the therapies. You will find that treating your prostatitis in several different ways (including diet, exercise, psychological health, supplements, and alternative therapies) is going to put you on the path to better prostate and pelvic health.
Cai T et al: results from a prospective randomized study. Int J Antimicrob Agents 2009 Jun; 33(6): 549-53
New Study: Exercise Reduces Prostatitis Pain.
Higher levels of physical activity may lower the risk of chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) in middle-aged and older men, a new study suggests. The study, which is the largest of its type to date, demonstrated that men who exercised at higher levels showed decreased pain and other symptoms when measure by the Chronic Prostatitis Pain Index.
15 Reasons to Avoid Antibiotics for Prostatitis
There are many reasons to avoid antibiotics for prostatitis. First of all, for the majority of cases of prostatitis antibiotics just don’t work and may make the problem worse. Antibiotic use can lead to drug-resistant bacteria, antibiotic resistance in your own body, and gastrointestinal problems, but that is not all. One class of antibiotics commonly prescribed for prostatitis is very dangerous, with often-permanent side effects.
The fluoroquinolone antibiotics are some of the most dangerous prescription drugs, and they happen to be the most commonly prescribed class of antibiotics in the U.S. Despite their known dangers, these drugs are prescribed as the first line of treatment for all kinds of conditions from prostatitis to respiratory infections to skin infections to people having dental work done and more. The common fluoroquinolone antibiotics for prostatitis include Avelox, Cipro, and Levaquin, plus Cipro and Levaquin are available as intravenous (IV) drugs for men hospitalized with severe acute bacterial prostatitis.
In the case of prostatitis, many of these antibiotic prescriptions are unnecessary because about 95% of prostatitis cases are not related to bacteria. The antibiotics don’t work to fix the problem and can actually make the symptoms worse by destroying the beneficial bacteria in the body, allowing more dangerous bacteria to flourish.
As a patient you have to take control of your health. Since many people who are recovering from Cipro side effects say they were never warned about the dangerous risks of these drugs, you need to be an informed patient. Whenever your doctor recommends antibiotics, find out why. Ask him or her to perform a culture so you know if bacteria are even the cause of your symptoms. So many times antibiotics are prescribed unnecessarily. Antibiotics do not kill viruses, and they do not work on illnesses that are not bacterial.
If your doctor prescribes antibiotics, or any other drug, ask questions such as the following:
- Why you are prescribed that drug?
- Are there any side effects or warnings for that drug?
- Is the drug even necessary?
- Is there a drug-free, natural, or alternative treatment that may also be effective in treating the condition?
If your doctor is recommending a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, ask for a different drug unless your life or allergy situation depends on this drug. After you hear the side effects you will probably have no problem standing up for your health.
The Severe Side Effects of These Drugs
The side effects associated with fluoroquinolone drugs are quite serious and can cause permanent damage to your brain, nerves, tendons, and more. The side effects are so severe that these drugs contain an FDA black box warning on their packaging and patient inserts stating that these drugs can cause severe tendon damage and permanent peripheral neuropathy, which is nerve damage that causes tingling, numbness, pain, weakness, and changes in sensation. These drugs may exacerbate muscle weakness in people with myasthenia gravis. The severe side effects are more risky for older patients, but they can affect young, active, and otherwise healthy individuals, causing them problems for the rest of their lives.
A central part of these drugs is fluoride, which is a known neurotoxin that has the dangerous ability to cross the blood-brain barrier and damage the immune system. Fluoride also disrupts collagen synthesis and can damage the immune system.
These dangerous antibiotics can cause:
- tendon rupture,
- joint swelling,
- skin reactions,
- loss of memory,
- kidney damage,
- vision problems,
- retinal detachment,
- hearing problems, and
- heart damage.
These side effects are certainly not what the doctor ordered and are in addition to the nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea that these and other antibiotics can cause. Even though people can take these drugs without experiencing the severe side effects, is it worth taking that chance?
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), they estimate that antibiotics send 142,500 people to emergency rooms every year. That is why it is important to understand the reasons to avoid antibiotics and talk to your doctor about other treatments that could be used instead of antibiotics.
Another one of the reasons to avoid antibiotics is that their use can lead to antibiotic resistance. When you use antibiotics for every little minor illness, the bacteria in your body build a resistance to them, increasing the likelihood of them not working when you do have a serious illness and legitimately need them later on.
For example, men who had previously taken fluoroquinolone antibiotics for other conditions in the past had more complications later on when they were recovering from a prostate biopsy. The men had become resistant to the antibiotics and therefore suffered acute bacterial prostatitis after the biopsy because they did not respond to the antibiotics given to prevent infection associated with the biopsy. Researchers said that prior use of an antibiotic like Cipro is a “significant risk factor behind rising incidence of acute prostatitis after transrectal prostate biopsy.” This shows how overuse of these antibiotics can actually cause you to get bacterial prostatitis from a prostate biopsy.
They Destroy Gut Health
When you take an antibiotic, they also kill some of the beneficial bacteria and microflora in your gut, which can allow other harmful bacteria that are not killed by the antibiotics to take over. While these bacteria may do no harm in small numbers, when there is an overgrowth they can cause diarrhea, fever, and dehydration that may require hospitalization. Patients may also experience nausea, vomiting, and other gastrointestinal problems.
If you do require antibiotics, which should be used as a last resort and when absolutely necessary, it is important to support your immunity and digestive health by taking a high quality probiotic. A probiotic can help you restore the balance of good and bad bacteria in the gut. Taking probiotic supplements can help repopulate your colon with the beneficial flora, helping prevent the growth of harmful bacteria.
This improved gut health can help your whole body stay healthy and prevent future illnesses because researchers are finding that much of your immune system is located in the gut. Looking into other natural therapies (like supplements and diet) can help promote your own body’s natural immunity so can avoid future illnesses.
There are times when you may need an antibiotic. If you have acute bacterial prostatitis, antibiotics may be necessary. By being an advocate for your own health, you can talk to you doctor about avoiding fluoroquinolone antibiotics unless they are absolutely necessary and after you have not responded to other treatments.
Antibiotics do play an important role in modern health when they are used appropriately. But they also can create many health problems when prescribed unnecessarily, too often, and for conditions that can be treated in other ways. Knowing the risk of long-term dangerous side effects can give you enough reasons to avoid antibiotics for prostatitis when they are not necessary and find relief through several other natural and alternative therapies.
Taking antibiotics when you have a bacterial infection is usually unavoidable. The problem is that most Urologists prescribe antibiotics even when no bacteria is present “just to make sure”. The side effects of these drugs are significant so make sure you carefully question and challenge your health care provider as to “why” he/she is prescribing a drug for bacterial infection when there is no evidence of bacteria. If you have CPPS/Chronic Non-Bacterial Prostatitis, antibiotics should not be prescribed in the absence of bacterial infection. These drugs carry a BLACK BOX WARNING which is the highest form of warning by the US FDA.
Resources for Reasons to Avoid Antibiotics for Prostatitis:
Ekici S et al. Fluoroquinolone-resistant acute prostatitis requiring hospitalization after transrectal prostate biopsy: effect of previous fluoroquinolone use as prophylaxis or long-term treatment. Int Urol Nephrol 2011 May 6.
Mosharafa AA et al. Rising incidence of acute prostatitis following prostate biopsy: fluoroquinolone resistance and exposure is a significant risk factor. Urology 201 Sep; 78(3): 511-14
Ozden E et al. Incidence of acute prostatitis caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli after transrectal prostate biopsy. Urology 2009 Jul; 74(1): 119-24.
Treatment Options For Management of Chronic Prostatitis
Can Prostatitis Cause Prostate Cancer?
If you are suffering with a chronic prostate condition such as prostatitis it is natural to wonder, “can prostatitis cause prostate cancer?”. Studies have shown there is a possible connection between prostatitis and prostate cancer. Knowing that, you might want to take steps to reduce your risk factors.
What Is the Risk?
In January 2010, researchers published the California Men’s Health Study, which evaluated the association between prostatitis, sexually transmitted diseases, and prostate cancer among 68,675 men. In general, the men with a history of prostatitis had a 30% increased risk of prostate cancer compared to men who did not have a history of prostatitis. While this does not definitively say whether prostatitis can cause prostate cancer, there does appear to be an increased risk.
The results of a meta-analysis published in Urology attempted to clarify the relationship between prostatitis and prostate cancer. After analyzing the data, the reviewers reported an increased risk of prostate cancer among men who had a history of prostatitis as well as among those who had a history of gonorrhea or syphilis. These findings suggest that infections, including those not mentioned in this study, may play a role in the development of prostate cancer, although exactly why this occurs is not understood.
Not only may prostatitis cause prostate cancer but there is also evidence that suggests that chronic prostatitis increases risk of colorectal cancer as well. According to a study done at the Taipei Medical University in Taiwan, men with colorectal cancer were 45% more likely than the control group to have been previously diagnosed with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS).
What Can You Do to Prevent It?
One of the most important things you can do to lower your cancer risk is to take steps to manage your prostatitis and reduce inflammation. Research indicates that taking anti-inflammatory agents that target the enzyme cyclooxygenase may decrease this risk of cancer.
Since many traditional medical treatments do not work for eliminating CP/CPPS or chronic bacterial prostatitis, start looking into natural and alternative treatments to manage your prostatitis symptoms. There are many supplements and therapies that have an anti-inflammatory effect and even complement the use of antibiotics in the case of chronic bacterial prostatitis, helping to eliminate symptoms and stop recurrences. Drug-free and alternative ways to manage pain and inflammation include acupuncture, trigger-point release, ice packs, exercises, and physiotherapy.
Supplements offer a natural way to help fight inflammation and have been shown in studies to help manage prostatitis. A few of the supplements that have been found to help with prostatitis symptoms or support immunity include saw palmetto, pollen extracts, vitamin D3, turmeric and curcumin (which have benefits in fighting prostate cancer), quercetin, and green tea (also found to help fight prostate cancer).
Another supplement worth looking into is a quality probiotic. Probiotics are often used in conjunction with pollen extracts and quercetin as part of phytotherapy. Probiotics help restore gut health and the balance between beneficial bacteria and microflora in the intestinal tract. This is important for immunity as the gut controls about 70 to 80% of your immune function.
Besides supplements, you should use your diet to help you in managing prostatitits and preventing prostate cancer. There are foods to avoid for prostatitis and foods you should be eating. Certain foods like caffeine, alcohol, spicy foods like hot peppers, acidic foods, wheat, and gluten can exacerbate prostatitits symptoms. Finding out about any food allergies and intolerances you have (and avoiding those foods) is important too.
On the other hand some of the best foods for prostate health can help you fight prostatitis and prostate cancer, boost your immunity, and protect the cells in your body. Eat fish high in omega-3 fatty acids; cruciferous vegetables; berries; healthy fats from nuts, seeds, olives, and avocados; tomatoes (if the acids do not affect your symptoms); and mushrooms.
Just because you have prostatitis, it does not mean you will develop prostate cancer. But as prostatitis may increase your risk for prostate cancer and as 1 in 6 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer, you should be concerned about preventing prostate cancer and improving your overall prostate health. You can do this through lifestyle changes and managing your prostatitis. Make sure to exercise regularly, eat some prostate-friendly and cancer-killing foods each week, and manage your stress. While there are certain factors that are out of your control, such as your age, family history, and genetics, there are still a lot of things you can do to improve your prostate health and lower your risk factors.
Although there is no causal link established there is an associated link between prostatitis and a higher risk of prostate cancer. The same factors that contribute to prostatitis seem to contribute to prostate cancer including diet, nutrition, exposure to chemicals and toxins as well as other environmental factors including stress and lifestyle. Reducing the negative impact of all these causal factors for prostatitis is a positive step towards reducing your risk of prostate cancer.
References for Can Prostatitis Cause Prostate Cancer:
Dennis LK, Lynch CF, Torner JC. Epidemiologic association between prostatitis and prostate cancer. Urology. Jul 2002;60(1):78-83. .
Roberts RO, Bergstralh EJ, Bass SE, Lieber MM, Jacobsen SJ. Prostatitis as a risk factor for prostate cancer. Epidemiology. Jan 2004;15(1):93-9.
Latest Study Backs Use of Cernilton Pollen Extract for Prostatitis
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has redefined prostatitis into four distinct entities. Category I is acute bacterial prostatitis. It is an acute prostatic infection with a uropathogen, often with systemic symptoms of fever, chills and hypotension. The treatment hinges on antimicrobials and drainage of the bladder because the inflamed prostate may block urinary flow. Category II prostatitis is called chronic bacterial prostatitis. It is characterized by recurrent episodes of documented urinary tract infections with the same uropathogen and causes pelvic pain, urinary symptoms and ejaculatory pain. It is diagnosed by means of localization cultures that are 90% accurate in localizing the source of recurrent infections within the lower urinary tract. Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis comprises NIH category IV. This entity is, by definition, asymptomatic and is often diagnosed incidentally during the evaluation of infertility or prostate cancer. The clinical significance of category IV prostatitis is unknown and it is often left untreated. Category III prostatitis is called chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS).
Role of Alpha-1 Blockers in Chronic Prostatitis Syndromes.
Category III chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is the most commonly diagnosed prostatitis syndrome. CP/CPPS is characterized by lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) of which pain (particularly perineal pain and pain on ejaculation) and dysfunctional voiding cause the greatest morbidity and poor quality of life. There is no standard treatment for CP/CPPS. Patients report only transient relief of symptoms from currently available therapies and are frequently required to change treatments.
Chronic Prostatitis in Elderly Men – Treatment Strategies
Chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CP/CPPS) is the most common of the prostatitis syndromes. It is characterised by pelvic pain, with or without voiding symptoms. CP/CPPS accounts for 2 million office visits in the US alone. Recent epidemiological studies have shown that CP/CPPS can affect men at any age, including those in their 80s. The aetiology is unknown but proposals include infectious, autoimmune, neurologic and psychiatric causes. Men with CP/CPPS are much more likely to have had a past medical history of cardiovascular, neurologic, psychiatric or infectious disease (particularly sinusitis) as compared with asymptomatic individuals. Although leucocytes are commonly found in the prostatic fluid of these men, they do not correlate with the symptoms.