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Types of Prostatitis

types of prostatitis

The main types of prostatitis are named below. Prostatitis is actually a term for a group of four different but related conditions involving inflammation of the prostate gland and pelvic pain.

Acute bacterial prostatitis:

An acute bacterial infection of the prostate gland. This is the least common type of prostatitis and as the name suggests, it is caused by bacteria, usually Escherichia coli (E. coli). Read more

Chronic bacterial prostatitis:

A recurrent bacterial infection of the prostate gland. This is another uncommon type of prostatitis that is also caused by bacteria, but it lasts longer (three months or longer) than acute bacterial prostatitis. Read more

Chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS):

Also known as chronic nonbacterial prostatitis, this is a condition in which an infection cannot be found. There are two subgroups, which include:

  • Inflammatory chronic pain syndrome: a condition in which white blood cells are found in semen or static secretions.
  • Non-inflammatory chronic pelvic pain syndrome: a condition in which white blood cells are NOT found in semen or static secretions.

The vast majority of men with symptomatic prostatitis have CPPS. This is the most debilitating and distressing prostatitis disorder for men and the hardest to treat, especially since it is most often caused by tension outside of the prostate. Unlike bacterial prostatitis that can often (but not always) be treated with antibiotics, CPPS sufferers are often left to experiment with natural therapies and other treatments in order to mange their disorder—many of which have been proven to provide relief when used as part of a multimodal treatment program. Read more

Asymptomatic prostatitis:

A condition in which the patient and physician can detect no symptoms, but white blood cells are founding the prostatic secretions or in prostate tissue during an evaluation of other disorders. This is an uncommon type of prostatitis in which the prostate may be inflamed but men do not have other symptoms typical of other forms of prostatitis. Read more

Only a healthcare professional can determine what type of prostatitis you have—or if you even have prostatitis at all rather than another disorder like BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia). If your doctor does diagnose you with prostatitis after conducting an examination and doing any necessary tests you may want to consider a multimodal treatment approach in order to maximize your chances of recovery.

Prostatitis symptoms that are associated with the first three types of prostatitis are similar, although there are a few differences among them. If you experience any of the following symptoms, be sure to consult your physician, as you may have prostatitis: dribbling when urinating, difficulty starting the urinary flow, a weak urinary stream, getting up frequently during the night to urinate, painful urination, often feeling an urgent need to urinate, pain when ejaculating and pelvic pain.

Prostatitis is a common and frequently serious medical condition. Although it is not contagious and cannot be transmitted sexually, if you have been diagnosed with any of the types of prostatitis you should discuss treatment options with your healthcare provider as soon as possible to prevent further discomfort and potential complications or long-term problems.